Water Efficient Landscape Ordinance
New California yards and commercial landscaping installed after December 1, 2015 will use up to a third less water on average under the rules of a model landscape ordinance adopted by the California Water Commission. The ordinance will not apply to existing lawns and landscapes unless they are modified significantly.
The ordinance effectively limits lawn in commercial settings to specific functional uses such as recreation and public assembly, requires efficient sprinkler nozzles in landscape irrigation systems and, with few exceptions, bans turf in street medians and parkways.
The ordinance is an important step in ensuring that California’s future growth will respect the necessity to conserve the state’s water resources.
These and other rules designed to ensure careful water use in newly-built landscapes are embodied in the Model Water Efficient Landscape Ordinance. The model ordinance can be used by cities, counties and other land-use agencies in whole or as a guide in developing their own ordinances that fit local conditions but match or exceed the efficiency of the DWR version.
An executive order issued by Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. on April 1, 2015 directed DWR to revise an existing model landscape ordinance through expedited regulation.
Major changes from the previous model ordinance include a reduction in the square footage above which landscape projects are subject to the ordinance. The threshold size was reduced from 2,500 square feet to 500 square feet for new residential, commercial, industrial and institutional projects. The average residential lot size in California is roughly 2,500 square feet.
To encourage the reuse of water from sinks, tubs and washing machines called “graywater,” the model ordinance allows landscapes under 2,500 square feet that are irrigated only with graywater or captured rainwater to meet a simple irrigation checklist and not be subject to the entire ordinance.
The revised model ordinance also includes improvements in:
- More efficient irrigation systems;
- Onsite stormwater capture; and
- Mandatory reporting on the implementation and enforcement of the ordinance by local agencies.
In all, the newly adopted ordinance is expected to reduce the water use of a new home by 12,000 gallons a year, or 20 percent. Water use on new commercial landscapes will be cut by approximately 35 percent.
California is expected to add 472,000 single- and multi-family housing units with an associated 20,000 acres of new landscape over the next three years. The state’s population is expected to grow by more than 11 million, reaching nearly 50 million people by 2050. New landscape standards are critical to ensure that new plantings are as efficient as possible.